Iranian Journal of Pediatrics 2007. 17(4):345-352.

Impact of Maternal Ramadan Fasting on Growth Parameters in Exclusively Breast-fed Infants
Abolfazl Khoshdel; Mostafa Najafi; Soleiman Kheiri; Elham Taheri; Jafar Nasiri; Hosein Yousofi; Ami

Abstract


Introduction: There are many advantages of breast milk for infants. The impact of Ramadan fasting of breast-feeding mothers on their exclusively breast-fed infants' growth is still not clear. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of maternal Ramadan fasting on growth parameters of exclusively breast-fed infants.
Methods: This cohort study was conducted during Ramadan and five months after Ramadan on 116 healthy, exclusively breast-fed infants aged 15 days to 6 months. 36 infants, whose mothers fasted throughout Ramadan (case group) and 80 infants, whose mothers did not fast (control group), were enrolled in the study. All infants underwent periodic physical examinations, twice in Ramadan, 3 times in the second month and twice monthly in the next 4 months. The data analyses were done using a repeated measure analysis of variance. Statistical significance was defined as P< 0.05. Analyses were performed using SPSS statistical package and repeated measures ANOVA.
Findings: All growth parameters increased during the study period (P< 0.05), rate of increase being the same for both groups (P>0.05). There is obvious increasing trend for all growth parameters; this trend depends on age and is almost similar for both groups.
Conclusion: Ramadan fasting by breast-feeding mothers did not adversely affect the growth parameters of exclusively breast-fed infants in short-term.


Keywords


Exclusive breast-feeding, Growth parameters

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