Iranian Journal of Pediatrics 2011. 21(2):244-248.

A Case of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura with P369S Mutation in MEFV Gene
Pelin Ertan, Gökhan Tekin, Gülseren Şahin, Fatma Taneli, Ali-Riza Kandioğlu, Betül Sözeri

Abstract


Background: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood. HSP can affect multiple organs presenting with a characteristic rash in most of the patients. Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an inherited inflammatory disease common in mediterranean populations. HSP is the most common vasculitis seen in children with FMF.


Case Presentation: A 16 year old boy was referred with history of abdominal pain lasting for 20 days. He was hospitalized and had appendectomy. Due to the persistence of his abdominal pain after surgery he was admitted to our hospital. His physical examination showed palpable purpuric rashes symmetrically distributed on lower extremities. Abdominal examination revealed periumbilical tenderness. Laboratory tests showed elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein and fibrinogen. Urinalysis revealed microscopic hematuria and severe proteinuria. The fecal occult blood testing was positive. Based on these clinic findings, the patient was diagnosed as HSP with renal, gastrointestinal tract and skin involvement. We performed DNA analysis in our patient because he had diagnosis of vasculitis with severe symptoms and found that he was carrying heterozygote P369S mutation.


Conclusion: Our case is noteworthy as it indicates that it may be important not to overlook presence of FMF mutations in patients with a diagnosis of severe vasculitis.


Keywords


Henoch-Schönlein Purpur, Familial Mediterranean Fever, P369S Mutation, MEFV Gene,

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